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Unconventional Training Club

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Samuel Thomas
Samuel Thomas

HSMWorks 2011 Keygen Free

In July 2011, Diginotar staff detected that the serial numbers of certificates issued did not match those in their logs in a routine test. An internal investigation followed and they thought the damage had been limited. However, in August a rogue DigiNotar-signed certificate for * was used in a large scale man-in-the-middle attack on google users in Iran. The reports from Iranian users that brought the attack to light (thanks to certificate pinning in Chrome) are fascinating, and as is well-known, the incident eventually lead to DigiNotar going bust in September 2011. The revocation for DigiNotar certs caused a massive headache for the Dutch government. But how did the breach actually occur?

HSMWorks 2011 Keygen

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DigiNotar's HSMs were, as is standard practice, connected to an isolated internal network "SecureNet" with tightly controlled access to the rest of the office network "OfficeNet", which was itself isolated from the external-facing webservers in the DMZ.The intruder compromised a webserver in the DMZ on June 17th 2011. Between June 17th and June 29th, he compromised machines on OfficeNet, and by July 1st, he had reached the SecureNet and the HSMs. At this point, he should still not have been able to issue certificates because the private keys in the HSM should only be active when a particular smartcard is inserted into the slot in the front of the HSM. However, DigiNotar were not able to account for the location of all except one of the smartcards during the period of the breach. Intriguingly, it appears the intruder also tampered with the DLLs used to provide API access to the HSMs, later substituting them with the originals but without changing the creation time. Log files associated with the DLLs were also altered.

Any way you look at it, 2011 was a very bad year for database security. From the high-profile (and highly embarrassing) series of attacks on Sony's PlayStation Network, to the less-publicized Epsilon breach which was described by the Privacy Clearinghouse as the worst data breach in history, there was a huge upswing in attacks targeting private user data. In fact, according to a recent Verizon PCI Compliance Report (PCIR), "about 42 percent of organizations have trouble implementing a proper encryption key management strategy to keep information safe."

As the only operator of a FIPS 140-2 Level 4 DNSSEC and Common Criteria EAL4+ signing platform other than ICANN itself (who sign the root zone), since 2011, PCH has offered the highest level of DNSSEC confidence available.


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